# Lesson 3: 関数 (外部手続) とライブラリ

```>>> def fact(n):
... k = 1
... for m in range(n):
... k = k*(m + 1)
... return k
...
>>> print fact(2), fact(3), fact(4), fact(5), fact(6)
2 6 24 120 720
>>>
>>> def fact(n):
... if (n == 0):
... return 1
... else:
... return n*fact(n - 1)
...
>>> print fact(2), fact(3), fact(4), fact(5)
2 6 24 120
>>>
>>> print sin(0.1)
NameError: name 'sin' is not defined
>>> from math import sin
>>> print sin(0.1)
0.0998334166468
>>>
>>> from math import *
>>> dir()
['__builtins__', '__doc__', '__name__', 'acos', 'asin', 'atan', 'atan2', 'ceil', 'cos', 'cosh', 'degrees', 'e', 'exp', 'fabs', 'floor', 'fmod', 'frexp', 'hypot', 'ldexp', 'log', 'log10', 'modf', 'pi', 'pow', 'radians', 'sin', 'sinh', 'sqrt', 'tan', 'tanh']
>>>
>>> help(sin)
Help on built-in function sin:

sin(...)
sin(x)

Return the sine of x (measured in radians).

>>>
>>> a = [1, 2, 3]; dir(a)
['__add__', '__class__', '__contains__', '__delattr__', '__delitem__', '__delslice__', '__doc__', '__eq__', '__ge__', '__getattribute__', '__getitem__', '__getslice__', '__gt__', '__hash__', '__iadd__', '__imul__', '__init__', '__iter__', '__le__', '__len__', '__lt__', '__mul__', '__ne__', '__new__', '__reduce__', '__reduce_ex__', '__repr__', '__rmul__', '__setattr__', '__setitem__', '__setslice__', '__str__', 'append', 'count', 'extend', 'index', 'insert', 'pop', 'remove', 'reverse', 'sort']
>>> help(a.reverse)
Help on built-in function reverse:

reverse(...)
L.reverse() -- reverse *IN PLACE*

>>> print a.reverse()
None
>>> print a
[3, 2, 1]
>>>```
seminar/python_tutorial_lesson3.txt · 最終更新: 2009/06/03 20:17 by kimi